Connecticut State Colleges and Universities
Charter Oak State College Official Catalog


Biology is the study of life forms. This concentration is based on theoretical concepts rather than application of theory as in health sciences. It may be established in one of the following ways:

Concentration Requirements

A concentration in Biology may be established in one of two ways:

Option 1: A minimum of 39 credits, at the appropriate levels, in the following subjects:

Introductory Biology with laboratory:

Two courses needed, e.g. Biology I & II

8 cr
BIO 120: Genetics*3-4 cr
Biochemistry*, Physiology*, or Cell Biology*3-4 cr
Organic Chemistry3-4 cr

Biology electives beyond the introductory level, in any one or combination of subject areas:

  • Botany
  • Embryology
  • Comparative Anatomy
  • Evolution
  • Ecology
  • Microbiology
15-21 cr
BIO 499: Capstone3 cr

* Taken within the past ten years.

Option 2: The GRE Subject Test in Biology, evaluated at 24 credits (15 lower, 9 upper), and at least 12 additional credits that must include two upper level laboratory courses and the 3-credit capstone.

Recommended Courses:

  • A second semester of Organic Chemistry
  • Computer literacy, including spreadsheets


  • One semester of Calculus or Statistics
  • If planning to go to graduate school, 1 year of Calculus

Student Learning Outcomes

Students who graduate with a concentration in Biology will be able to:

  1. apply knowledge of subject matter from across the full range of biology curricula, including:
    1. core biological concepts; and
    2. skills necessary for lifelong professional learning in biological sciences;
  2. apply problem solving and critical thinking skills in the biological sciences, including:
    1. generating hypotheses, designing approaches to test the hypotheses, and interpreting the data from those tests to reach valid conclusions; and
    2. explaining the importance of ethics in conducting scientific experiments and research;
  3. apply appropriate quantitative skills for the study of biology;
  4. use information literacy skills to find, read, and critically evaluate original scientific literature in biological sciences;
  5. use appropriate communication skills to present scientific information; and
  6. perform basic laboratory skills.