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MUS 130: Survey of Jazz Styles

Course Description

In this course, students will gain an understanding of how jazz works. Students will learn the distinctions (and similarities) between various sub-categories and chronological periods in jazz. They will also learn the roles of various jazz instruments and how these roles have evolved. Important topics like jazz improvisation, the rhythm section and jazz composition will be explored. Through reading and listening to jazz recordings, students will become familiar with many of the great artists of jazz, including Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Charlie Parker, Miles Davis and John Coltrane. (3 credits)

Prerequisite

  • None

Student Learning Outcomes (SLOs)

Students who successfully complete this course will have a general understanding of the following:

  1. The roles of the following instruments in jazz (including the ability to aurally identify each instrument):
    • saxophones (including soprano, alto, tenor and baritone)
    • trumpet
    • trombone
    • bass
    • guitar
    • piano
    • drum set
    • voice
  2. The basic structures and principles that factor into the creation of jazz, including:
    • improvisation
    • form
    • composition and arrangement
    • the rhythm section
    • cross-pollination with other forms of music (including classical, rock, ethnic music, and so on)
  3. The primary formal and aural characteristics of the following sub-styles of jazz (and, as applicable, the impact of each style on the role of each instrument):
    • Dixieland/traditional/early jazz
    • swing/big band
    • bebop
    • cool jazz
    • hard bop
    • soul jazz
    • avant-garde /free jazz
    • fusion
  4. The historical/musical significance and primary contributions of the following artists:
    • Louis Armstrong
    • Jelly Roll Morton
    • Duke Ellington
    • Count Basie
    • Charlie Parker
    • Thelonious Monk
    • Miles Davis
    • John Coltrane
    • Charles Mingus
    • Ornette Coleman
  5. The general significance and style of several dozen other significant jazz figures, including the following artists:
    • Bessie Smith
    • James P. Johnson
    • Bix Beiderbecke
    • Sidney Bechet
    • Earl Hines
    • Benny Goodman
    • Charlie Christian
    • Billie Holiday
    • Lester Young
    • Coleman Hawkins
    • Jimmy Blanton
    • Dizzy Gillespie
    • Bud Powell
    • Max Roach
    • Clifford Brown
    • Art Blakey
    • Horace Silver
    • Bill Evans
    • Weather Report

General Education Outcomes (GEOs)

Please check the applicable GEOs for this course, if any, by outcomes at GEO Category Search, or by subject area at GEO Discipline Search.

Course Activities and Grading

Assignments

Weight

Online Postings

35%

Comparative Essays

35%

Performance Review

10%

Final Project

20%

Total

100%

Required Textbooks

(Available through our online bookstore)

  • Gridley, Mark. Jazz Styles Package. 11th ed. Pearson, 2012. ISBN-10: 0205879314 or ISBN-13: 9780205879311
  • Package Includes:
    • Textbook - Jazz Styles
    • Jazz Styles: Jazz Classics Compact Discs (set of 3)
    • Jazz Styles: Demonstration CD (software)
  • Songs to download from Spotify. It is extremely important to download the required Spotify selections prior to the beginning of the course. See the Additional Information section below for the link to the song selections and details about using Spotify.

Additional Required Materials

  • Songs to stream from the Spotify. Additional Information section below for the link to the song selections and details about using Spotify.
  • Admission to one concert - cost depends on concert chosen

Course Schedule

Week

SLOs

Reading and Listening Assignments

Assignments

1

1-5

Unit 1: Meet the Instruments; How Jazz Works

  • Listen to:
    (Note:JCCD = Jazz Classics CD)
    • Louis Armstrong - “West End Blues” JCCD
    • Duke Ellington - “Harlem Airshaft” JCCD
    • Dizzy Gillespie - “Shaw Nuff” JCCD
    • Lennie Tristano, Lee Konitz, Stan Getz - “No Figs” JCCD
    • Horace Silver - “Senor Blues” JCCD
    • Ornette Coleman - “Civilization Day” JCCD
    • Herbie Hancock - “Chameleon” JCCD
  • Listen to entirety of Jazz Demonstration CD

Unit 2: Form and Improvisation

  • Read: Gridley, Chapters 1, 2, 3
  • Listen to:
    • James P. Johnson - “You’ve Got to be Modernistic” JCCD
    • Count Basie with Joe Williams - “Every Day I Have the Blues” Spotify
    • Sarah Vaughan - "Body and Soul" JCCD
    • Teddy Wilson with Billie Holiday - “Easy Living”
    • Herbie Hancock - “Maiden Voyage” JCCD
  • Work out Spotify logistics
  • Download all required songs from Spotify
  • Read assigned chapters
  • Review Units 1 and 2 of the lecture material
  • Study listening materal
  • Research local libraries
  • Explore Blackboard course (Lectures, Assignments, Discussion Boards, etc.)
  • Complete ungraded Comparative Essay (optional)

2

1-5

Unit 3: The Rhythm Section

  • Reading: Gridley Chapter 4 and (re-read) pages 23-29
  • Listening:
    • “African-American Retentions Sequence” JCCD
    • Count Basie - “Lester Leaps In” JCCD
    • Miles Davis - “Woody ‘N’ You” Spotify
    • Miles Davis -“Bye Bye Blackbird” Spotify

Unit 4: Early Jazz

  • Reading: Gridley, Chapter 5
  • Listening:
    • Duke Ellington - "Black and Tan Fantasy"
    • Jelly Roll Morton - “Wolverine Blues” JCCD
    • Original Dixieland Jass Band - “Dixie Jazz Band One-Step” JCCD
    • Bessie Smith with Louis Armstrong - “St. Louis Blues” Spotify
    • Louis Armstrong - “Hotter Than That” JCCD
    • Louis Armstrong - “West End Blues” JCCD
    • James P. Johnson - “You’ve Got to be Modernistic” JCCD
    • Bix Beiderbecke - “Singin’ the Blues” JCCD
    • Sidney Bechet - “Summertime” Spotify
    • Fats Waller - “Handful of Keys” JCCD
  • Read assigned chapters
  • Review Units 3 and 4 of the lecture material
  • Study listening material
  • Participate in Discussion Board
  • Complete Comparative Essay 1
  • Begin research/exploration for Final Project

3

1-5

Unit 5: Swing

  • Reading: Gridley, Chapter 6
  • Listening:
    • Benny Goodman - “Seven Come Eleven” JCCD
    • Gene Krupa with Roy Eldridge - “After You’ve Gone” JCCD
    • Andy Kirk/Mary Lou Williams - “Walkin’ and Swingin’” JCCD
    • Teddy Wilson with Billie Holiday - “Easy Living” Spotify
    • Ella Fitzgerald - “Cottontail” JCCD
    • Coleman Hawkins - “How Deep is the Ocean” JCCD
    • Coleman Hawkins - “Voodte” (excerpt) JCCD

Unit 6: Duke Ellington and Count Basie

  • Reading: Gridley, Chapters 7-8
  • Listening:
    • Duke Ellington - “Cottontail” JCCD
    • Duke Ellington - “Harlem Airshaft” JCCD
    • Duke Ellington - “Transbluesency” JCCD
    • Duke Ellington - “Prelude to a Kiss” JCCD
    • Duke Ellington - “Black and Tan Fantasy” Spotify
    • Count Basie - “Taxi War Dance” JCCD
    • Count Basie with Joe Williams - “Every Day I Have the Blues” Spotify
    • Count Basie - “Lester Leaps In” JCCD
  • Read assigned chapters
  • Review Units 5 and 6 of the lecture material
  • Study listening material
  • Participate in Discussion Board
  • Complete Comparative Essay 2
  • Submit Initial Proposal for Final Project

4

1-5

Unit 7: Bebop

  • Reading: Gridley, Chapter 9
  • Listening:
    • Dizzy Gillespie - “Things To Come” JCCD
    • Dizzy Gillespie - “Shaw ‘Nuff” JCCD
    • Charlie Parker - “Just Friends” JCCD
    • Thelonious Monk - “Misterioso” JCCD
    • Thelonious Monk - “Criss Cross” Spotify
    • Dexter Gordon - “Darn that Dream” Spotify
    • Sarah Vaughan - “Body and Soul” JCCD
    • Miles Davis - “Woody ‘N’ You” Spotify
    • Woody Herman - “Four Brothers” JCCD

Unit 8: Cool Jazz

  • Reading: Gridley, Chapter 10
  • Listening:
    • Woody Herman - “Four Brothers” JCCD
    • Dave Brubeck - “Blue Rondo a la Turk” JCCD
    • Stan Kenton with Lee Konitz - “My Lady” JCCD
    • Lennie Tristano, Lee Konitz, Stan Getz - “No Figs” JCCD
    • Stan Kenton/Maynard Ferguson - “A Trumpet” JCCD
  • Review assigned chapters
  • Review Units 7 and 8 of the lecture material
  • Study listening material
  • Participate in Discussion Board
  • Complete Comparative Essay 3
  • Work on Final Project

5

1-5

Unit 9: Hard Bop

  • Reading: Gridley, Chapter 11
  • Listening:
    • Horace Silver - “Senor Blues” JCCD
    • Art Blakey - “Cranky Spanky” JCCD
    • Clifford Brown/Max Roach - “Kiss and Run” JCCD
    • Miles Davis - “Bye Bye Blackbird” Spotify
    • Wes Montgomery and Jimmy Smith - “O.G.D. (Road Song)” Spotify

Unit 10: Avant-Garde

  • Reading: Gridley, Chapter 14
  • Listening:
    • Ornette Coleman - “Civilization Day” JCCD
    • Sun Ra - “The Cosmos” Spotify
    • Albert Ayler - “Ghosts: First Variation” JCCD
  • Read assigned chapters
  • Review Units 9 and 10 of the lecture material
  • Study listening material
  • Participate in Discussion Board
  • Complete Refined Final Project Proposal

6

1-5

Unit 11: Post-Modern Assimilation (including John Coltrane, Charles Mingus, Miles Davis and others)

  • Readings: Gridley, Chapters 12, 13, 15
  • Listening:
    • Charles Mingus - “Fables of Faubus” JCCD
    • Miles Davis - “Flamenco Sketches” JCCD
    • Bill Evans - “Solar” JCCD
    • John Coltrane - “Afro-Blue” JCCD
    • Miles Davis - “Masqualero” JCCD
    • Chick Corea - “Steps” JCCD
    • Herbie Hancock - “Maiden Voyage” JCCD
    • Keith Jarrett - “Sundial, Part 1” JCCD

Unit 12: Fusion

  • Reading: Gridley, Chapter 16
  • Listening:
    • Herbie Hancock - “Chameleon” (excerpt) JCCD
    • Weather Report - “Surucucu” JCCD
    • Mahavishnu Orchestra - “Birds of Fire” Spotify
    • Brecker Brothers - “Above and Below”
  • Read assigned chapters
  • Review Units 11 and 12 of the lecture material
  • Study listening material
  • Participate in Discussion Board
  • Work on Final Project
  • Complete Live Performance Review

7

1-5

Unit 13: Latin Jazz

  • Listening:
    • Stan Getz/Joao Gilberto - “Girl From Ipanema” Spotify
    • Bud Powell - “Un Poco Loco” Spotify
    • Paquito D’Rivera - “Miami” JCCD

Unit 14: Jazz Today

  • Reading: Gridley, Chapter 17
  • Listening:
    • Wynton Marsalis - “Express Crossing” JCCD
    • Carla Bley - “Baseball” JCCD
    • Dave Douglas - “Red Emma” JCCD
  • Read assigned chapter
  • Review Units 13 and 14 of the lecture material
  • Study listening material
  • Participate in Discussion Board
  • Complete Final Project
8

1-5

Discussion of Final Projects

  • Reading: Read a classmate's Final Project (randomly selected and sent to you)
  • No listening assignments this week
  • Review Peer Final Project
  • Participate in Discussion Board
  • Complete course evaluation

Additional Information

While most of the listening examples you will be expected to study will be on the required CDs, several of the listening examples you will be expected to study for class assignments can be found in playlists on Spotify . Spotify "Premium" (which costs approximately $10/month) allows for an ad-free environment and the capacity to listen to the tracks offline without purchasing them. However, the free version of Spotify is also fully-functional for the purposes of this class if you can handle some commercials and are doing your listening from a web-connected device.

The playlist for this course is located here http://open.spotify.com/user/noahbaerman/playlist/4dNkB6Ke2FpPow3Z7jMcg7

COSC Accessibility Statement

Charter Oak State College encourages students with disabilities, including non-visible disabilities such as chronic diseases, learning disabilities, head injury, attention deficit/hyperactive disorder, or psychiatric disabilities, to discuss appropriate accommodations with the Office of Accessibility Services at OAS@charteroak.edu.

COSC Policies, Course Policies, Academic Support Services and Resources

Students are responsible for knowing all Charter Oak State College (COSC) institutional policies, course-specific policies, procedures, and available academic support services and resources. Please see COSC Policies for COSC institutional policies, and see also specific policies related to this course. See COSC Resources for information regarding available academic support services and resources.